Ozone Reactions

Ozone Reaction with Various Compounds

Many organic and inorganic compounds react with ozone. These reactions can vary greatly depending upon the state of ozone (gaseous or aqueous), and the other chemicals involved in the reaction.

Below is an outline of basic chemical reactions between ozone and certain compounds. This is for reference only, as there are many other variables involved in actual processes. However, this data is helpful as a baseline to understand the fundamentals of ozone reactions and oxidation in general.

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For additional details or help with any potential reactions please contact our application engineers for help!

ACIDS, ALCOHOLS, ALDEHYDES, AND KETONES.

ACETIC ACID, Formula: CH3COOH
Reaction with Ozone: C2H402 + 4 03 ----> 2 C02  +  2 H2O +  4 O2 . Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 2

ACETONE, Formula: CH3COCH3,
Reaction with Ozone: C3H6O + 8 03 ----> 3 C02 + 3 H2O + 8 O2 . Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 4

n-BUTYL ACETATE Formula C6H12O2.
Reaction with Ozone: C6H12O2 + 16 O3 ----> 6 C02 + 6 H2O  +  16 O2  Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 8

BUTOXYETHANOL Fonnula: C6HI4O2.
Reaction wtih Ozone: C6HI4O2 + 17 O3 ---- > 6 CO2   + 7 H2O +  4 O2 . Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 20.5

CETYL AlCOHOL Formula CH3(CH2)15 OH
Reaction with Ozone: CH3(CH2)15 OH + 48 03 ----> 16 CO2 + 17 H2O + 4 O2 . Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 24

FORMALDEHYDEFormula HCHO
Reaction with Ozone: HCHO + 2 O3 ----> C02 + H2O + 2 O2 . Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 1

ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL Fornula CH3CHOHCH5
Reaction with Ozone: CH3CHOHCH5 +  9 O3 ---- > 3 CO2 + 4 H2O + 9 O2 Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 4.5

GLYCEROL Formula CH2OHCHOHCH2OH
Reaction with Ozone: CH2OHCHOHCH2OH + 7 O3 ---- > 3C02 + 4H2O + 7 O2  Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 4.5

METHACRYLIC ACID(glacial) Formula CH2C (CH3) COOH
Reaction wtih Ozone: CH2C (CH3) COOH + 9 O3 ---- > 4 CO2 + 3 H20 + 9 O2 . Number of Omolecules consumed per molecule of compound = 4.5

METHYL-ETHYL-KETONE Formula CH3COC2H5.
Reaction wtih Ozone: CH3COC2H5 + 11 O3 ---- > 4C02 + 4 H2O + 11 O2 . Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 5.5

PROPYLENE GLYCOL Formula C3H8O2.
Reaction wtih Ozone: C3H8O2 + 8 O3 ---- > 3 CO2 + 4 H2O + 8 O2  Number of Omolecules consumed per molecule of compound = 4


AROMATIC COMPOUNDS

BENZENEFormula C6H6
Reaction with Ozone C6H6 + 11 O3 ---- > 6C02 + 3 H2O + 11 O2  Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 5.5

BENZYL ALCOHOL. Formula C6H5CH2OH
Reaction wtih Ozone. C6H5CH2OH + 17 O3 ----> 7 C02 + 4 H20 + 17 O2  Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 8.5

N.BUTYL PHTHALATE Formula CI2H14O4.
Reaction with Ozone:  CI2H14O4 + 27 O3----> 12 C02 + 7 H20 + 27 O2  Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 13.5

CAMPHORFormula C10H16O
Reaction Wlih Ozone: C10H16O + 27 O3 ---- > 10 C02 + 8 H2O + 27 O2 . Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 13.5

PARA-PHENYLENEDIAMINE  Formula C6H8N2
Reaction with Ozone: C6H8N2 + 16 O3 ----> 6 C02 + 4 H2O + N2 + 16 O2 Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 8

RESORCINOLFormula C6H6O2
Reaction with Ozone: C6H6O2 + 13 O3 ----> 6 C02 + 3 H20 + 13 O2  Number of O2   molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 6.5

STYRENE Formula:C6H5CHCH2
Reaction with Ozone: C6H5CHCH2  + 20 O3 ---- > 8 C02 + 4 H2O + 20 O2 . Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 10

TRICRESYL Formula C21H21PO4.
Reaction with Ozone C21H21PO4.. + 102 O3 ---- > 42 C02 + 21 H2O + P2O5 + 102 O2 Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 51

TOULENE Formula C6H5CH3.
Reactlon with Ozone: C6H5CH3 .+ 18 O3 ----> 7 CO2 + 4 H2O + 18 O2  Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule ot compound = 9

XYLENE Formula C6H4(CH3)2
Reaction with Ozone C6H4(CH3)2  + 21 O3 ----> 8 CO2 + 5 H2O + 21 O2 Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 10.5


ALIPHATIC COMPOUNDS

BUTANE Formula C4H10
Reaction with Ozone: C4H10 + 13 O3 ----> 4 CO2 + 5 H2O + 13 O2 Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 6.5

ISOBUTANE. Formula (CH3)3CH (need to check for accuracy)

LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS [LPG] General Formula CnH2N+2. Both LPG (Liquefied petroleum gas) is a mixture of aliphatic, saturated hydrocarbons, therefore only a generic formula was used to describe the reaction with Ozone .
Reaction wtih Ozone: CnH2N+2 + O3 ---- > nC02 + (n+1) H2O + O2  Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound: 3/2 n + 1/2 O

MINERAL SPIRITS General Formula Cn H2n+2
Mineral spirits are mixtures of aliphatic, saturated hydrocarbons, therefore only a generic formula was used to describe the reaction with Ozone. Reaction wtih Ozone: Cn H2n+2  + O3 ---- > nCO2 + (n+ 1) H2O + O2 . Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound: 3/2 n + 1/2 O

PROPANE Formula C3H8
Reaction wtih Ozone: C3H8 + 10 O3 :----> 3CO2 + 4 H2O + 10 O2  Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 5


CHLORIDES

Chlorides are organic compounds which have one or more chlorine atoms in their structure. These compounds react with Ozone to produce hypochloride which in turn decompose to produce chloride and release oxygen, as shown in the following reaction: CL2O ---- > 2CL-1 + 1/2 O2

METHYLENE CHLORIDE (Dichloromethane), Formula CH2CL2
Reaction with Ozone: 2CH2CL2 + 4 O3 ---- > CO2 + H2O + CL2O + 4 O Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 1

CHLOROFORM, Formula CHCL3.
Reaction wtih Ozone: 6 CHCL3 + 6 O3 --- > 6 CO2 + 3 H2O + 9 CL2O Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 2/9 O

METHYL CHLOROFORM, Formula CH3CCL3
Reaction with Ozonee: 2CH3CCL3 + 14 O3 ---- > 4 CO2 + 3 H2O + 3 CL2O + 14 O2 Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 3.5

PERCHLOROETHYLENEFormula CCL2CCL2
Reaction with Ozone: CCL2CCL2 + 6 O3 ---- > 2 CO2 + 2 CL2O +  6 O2 Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 1.5

TRICHLOROETHYLENEFormula CHCLCCL2
Reaction with Ozone: 2 CHCLCCL2 + 12 O3 ---- > 4 CO2 + H2O + 3 CL2O + 12 O2 . Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 3


NITROGEN CONTAINING COMPOUNDS

HYDROGEN CYANIDE Formula HCN
Reaction with Ozone: 2HCN + 5 O3 ---- > 2 CO2 + H2O + N2 + 5 O2  Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 1.25

AMINO PHENOL General Formula CH3C6H4NH2 (need to check for accuracy)

AMMONIA. Formula NH3
Reaction with Ozone: 2NH3 + 3 O3 ----> N2 + 3 H20 + 3 O2 . Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 0.75

AMMONIUM HYDROXIDEFormuta NH4OH
Reaction with Ozone: 2NH4OH +3 O3 ----> N2 +5 H2O + 3 O2  Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 0.75

BENZOPMETHYLENE CHLORIDECHLOROFORM,METHYL CHLOROFORM,PERCHLOROETHYLENETRICHLOROETHYLENEHYDROGEN CYANIDEAMINO PHENOLAMMONIAAMMONIUM HYDROXIDE Formula C20H12
YRENE
Formula C20H12
Reaction with Ozone: 3C20H12 + 46 O3 ---- > 60 CO2 + 18 H2O . Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 17

EDTA (Ethylene Diamine Tetracetic Acid) Formula C10H16N2O8
Reaction with Ozone: C10H16N2O8 + 20 O3 ---- > 10 CO2 + 8 H2O + N2 + 2 O2 [possible error, original document listed "2 CO2" at the end, but it didn't make sense to me]. Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 30

ETHANOLAMINE Formula NH2CH2CH2OH
Reaction with Ozone: 2NH2CH2CH2OH + 13 O3 ---- > 4 CO2 + 7 H2O + 13 O2 + N2 . Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound: = 3.25

PHENACETIN. Formula CH3CONHC6H4OC2H5.
Reaction with Ozone : CH3CONHC6H4OC2H5. + 49 O3 .---- > 20 CO2 + 13 H2O + N2 + 49 O2 . Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 24.5


SULFUR CONTAINING COMPOUNDS

These compounds react with OZONE to produce sulfur trioxide (S03), which in the presence of water forms sulfuric acid, a strong mineral acid.

AMMONIUM PERSULFATEFormula (NH4)2S2O8
Persulfuric acid (H2S2O8) is a very unstable acid which releases oxygen upon exposure to heat. Its decomposition product is sulfuric acid (H2S04) a very strong mineral acid.

Reaction with Ozone: (NH4)2S2O8 + 3 O3 ---- >N2 + H2S2O8 + 3 H2O + 3 O2  Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 1/5 O

AMMONIUM THlIOGLYCOLATE Formula NH2COCH2SH
Reaction with Ozone: [possible error] 2C2H5SNO + 17 O3 ---->4  C02 + 5 H2O + N2 + 2SO3 + 17 O2 Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 2

SODIUM BISULFITEFormula NaHS03.
Reaction with Ozone: NaHS03 + O3 ---- > NaHSO4 + O2  Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 1.5

THIOGLYCOLIC ACID Fonnula HSCH2COOH
Reaction with Ozone: HSCH2COOH + 7 O3 ---- > 2 CO2 + 2 H2O + S03 + 7 O2 . Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 3.5


OTHER

ALKYLATED SILICATES General Formula (RnSiO)m. These silicates produce SILICA (silicon dioxide) which is considered a respiratory hazard

Reaction with Ozone: (RnSiO)m + O3 ---- > CO2 + H2O + SiO2 . Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 4 5m

NON-IONIC DETERGENTS Formula CxHy , Non-ionic detergents do not have a generic formula. therefore the formula CxHy is used to define this class of compounds.

Reaction with Ozone: CxHy + O3 -- > CO2 + H2O + O2 . Number of O2 molecules consumed per molecule of compound = 6x + 1.5y

HYDROGEN PEROXIDEFormula H2O2

Reaction with Ozone: H2O2 + O3 ---- > O2 + 2OH- The combination of Ozone and Hydrogen Peroxide is an Advanced Oxidation Process, that creates the OH-, an oxidant more powerful that ozone alone.

 

NON-REACTIVE COMPOUNDS The following compounds do not react with OZONE.

CALCIUM OXIDE Formula CaO
PHOSPHORIC ACID Formula H3PO4
POTASSIUM PERSULFATE. Formula K2S2O5
SILICASFormula SiO2
SODIUM BROMATEFormula NaBrO3
SODIUM PERSULFATEFormula Na2S2O5
STRONTIUM PEROXIDE Formula SrO2
TETRASODIUM PYROPHOSPHATE Formula Na4P2O7
TITANIUM DIOXIDE Formula TiO2
CARBON TETRACHLORIDE(low temperature)Formula CLC4

 

Reference:

https://educate-yourself.org/ozone/ozonereactionswithcommonchemicals29sep06.shtml

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